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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 84-88

Prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders in students aged 13–18 years with the use of smartphones for online classes

Department of Community Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Farheen Salim Patel
No. 11/12, Thube Park, Shivajinagar, Pune - 411 005, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/pjiap.pjiap_25_22

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CONTEXT: Smartphones are a common gadget used by individuals in day-to-day life for various purposes. Especially in the lockdown period, the use of gadgets increased tremendously for the purpose of attending online classes. Inefficient use of smartphones by students for attending online classes may lead to several long-term musculoskeletal disorders. AIMS: The aim of this study was to find the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders with the use of smartphones during online classes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Community setup, cross-sectional Study design. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The approval of the Institutional Ethical Committee was obtained. Informed consent was obtained from the participants and a self-made validated questionnaire was circulated to 202 students through online mode. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: This was a descriptive data analysis. RESULTS: Two hundred two students participated in the study with a mean age of 15.5 ± 2.58 years. The mean hours of use of smartphones for attending online classes were 4.81 h ± 2.18 h and the mean hours of use of smartphones for other purposes such as gaming and social media was 2.69 h ± 1.79 h. Neck pain showed the most prevalence among other joints which was supported by the finding that 34.74% of students complained of pain in the neck. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders is common after smartphone use for online classes and was found to be in the neck, shoulder, upper back, and lower back.

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