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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 15  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 28-32

Effect of an early administration of a structured exercise protocol on balance and gait in premenopausal women: A quasi-experimental study

Physiotherapy Centre, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Tittu Thomas James
Physiotherapy Centre, National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Bengaluru - 560 029, Karnataka
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PJIAP.PJIAP_32_20

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CONTEXT: Elderly population deals with many health problems, especially women, owing to menopause. A decline in balance leads to an increase in episodes of falls, increased fear of falls, along with an occurrence of a cautious gait pattern with reduced velocity and increased variability, which have also reported in women from 40 years of age and above. AIMS: The aim of this study was to identify the role of a structured exercise protocol in improving balance and gait parameters in premenopausal women. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A single group quasi-experimental study was undertaken. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Seventeen females between the age group of 30 and 45 participated in the study. We administered a predesigned supervised exercise protocol for 5 days a week, 60 min per session, and for a period of 1 year. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS USED: Pre- and posttest measures on balance and gait were assessed and analyzed using the Wilcoxon test. RESULTS: The study identified an improvement in the balance performance of subjects in terms of a reduction in stability and sway parameters assessed using the Biodex Balance System. The temporal and spatial parameters of gait assessed using the GAITRite system also demonstrated significant improvement in postexercise sessions, with a net increase in velocity and cadence. All improvements in outcome parameters assessed were statistically significant (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The study signifies the importance of an early commitment toward a structured exercise protocol by premenopausal women in maintaining their balance and gait performance which may be altered with aging and menopause.

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