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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-83

Effect of home-based pelvic floor muscle training based on the severity of incontinence on quality of life in women with stress urinary incontinence

1 SBB College of Physiotherapy, V.S.Hospital Campus, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India
2 School of Physiotherapy, R.K.University, Rajkot, Gujarat, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zarna Ronak Shah
V.S. General Hospital, SBB College of Physiotherapy, Ahmedabad, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PJIAP.PJIAP_14_19

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BACKGROUND: The women of our country are different than any other developed or developing country due to its cultural, economic, and religious scenario. It has been observed that though stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is prevalent, Indian women tend to hide it and accept it very easily as a part of aging or consequences of delivery. They suffer in silence compromising their quality of life (QOL). They start avoiding attending social functions and gatherings. Even during household chores or during their working hours, they have to feel embarrassed because of leakage episodes. Compromised QOL affects women in many ways such as psychological and social. There is a strong need to work on these areas and prepare a protocol of exercise for such women so that their QOL can be improved. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) based on the severity of incontinence on QOL in women with SUI. METHODOLOGY: Seventy-three participants were recruited for an experimental study. Each participant was given 6 weeks of home-based PFMT based on the severity of incontinence which was decided by the Incontinence Severity Index. Pre- and post data were analyzed using SPSS 21.0. The outcome measure was the Incontinence Impact Questionnaire-Short Form score. RESULTS: Wilcoxon test was used to compare the pre- and postdata for all the participants. Z = −6.86 with P < 0.001. CONCLUSIONS: The home-based PFMT of 6 weeks given here was effective in improving QOL in female with SUI.

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