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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 14  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-36

Factors affecting kinesiophobia in coronary artery disease patients

1 Department of Cardio-Respiratory Physiotherapy, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
2 Department of Cardiology, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Pune, Maharashtra, India
3 Sancheti Institute for Orthopedics and Rehabilitation, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Razia K Nagarwala
Department of Cardiology, Sancheti Institute College of Physiotherapy, Shivaji Nagar, Pune - 411 005, Maharashtra
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PJIAP.PJIAP_29_19

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INTRODUCTION: Kinesiophobia may act as a barrier to physical activities. It is, therefore, an important domain to consider when assessing psychosocial characteristics in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Different factors may affect the occurrence of kinesiophobia in CAD patients, and hence it becomes important to study these factors so that proper psychological counseling can be included under patient education to have better rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to find if factors such as socioeconomic status, addictions, age, gender, anxiety, and financial security (medical insurance) affect kinesiophobia in CAD patients so as to know how these factors are significant in predicting kinesiophobia and direct patients to proper psychological counseling in future. METHODOLOGY: A cross-sectional study was done on 62 patients, diagnosed with CAD at government and private hospitals and clinics were included in the study. Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia Heart was used to assess the kinesiophobia. Logistic regression analyses and Spearman correlation were done for factors taken with kinesiophobia as a dependent variable and considered factors as independent. RESULTS: About 83.87% of population had high level of kinesiophobia. Gender (odds ratio >1) and anxiety (P < 0.05) were significant in predicting kinesiophobia whereas age (P > 0.05), financial security (odds ratio <1), socioeconomic status (P > 0.05), and presence of addictions (odds ratio <1) did not show any correlation with kinesiophobia. CONCLUSION: Of six factors taken into consideration, gender and anxiety significantly affect kinesiophobia, whereas age, financial security, socioeconomic status, and presence of addictions do not significantly affect kinesiophobia.

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