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Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 93-97

Feasibility of application of constraint-induced movement therapy in a child with hemiplegic cerebral palsy: A single-case study

1 Department of Pediatric Neurophysiotherapy, Shree B.G.Patel College of Physiotherapy, Anand, Gujarat, India
2 Department of Physiotherapy, SOAHS, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal, Karnataka, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Darshanaben J Tadvi
Shree B G Patel College of Physiotherapy, Opp. GPO, J.P.Road, Anand - 388 001, Gujarat
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/PJIAP.PJIAP_1_18

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Children suffering from hemiplegic cerebral palsy (CP) develop developmental disregard (DD). In addition, they fail to comprehend the consequences of nonuse. The utility of affected upper limb is jeopardized. Current evidence supports the use of constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) for upper limb function in individuals with hemiplegia. This single-case study attempts to identify feasibility of application of pediatric CIMT on a child with hemiplegic CP. The aim of this study is to identify the benefits and feasibility of application of CIMT for improving quality of the upper limb movement in a child with hemiplegic CP. A 2½-year-old girl with hemiplegic CP visited the outpatient department (OPD) with the problem of lack of use of the right upper limb for activities and play along with the poorer quality of the upper limb movement. Disregard index was calculated to identify the presence of DD. CIMT was chosen as the child had above minimal ability to open fingers and extend the wrist. A 2-week intervention was designed based on the goal-oriented, ability-specific, child-specific practice of functional tasks. A rigid tape was used to provide constraint. The child was motivated to play with the affected hand for 2 h in the OPD and 2 h at home. Tasks of incremental difficulty were utilized as shaping method. The improvement in the quality of movement was measured using quality of upper extremity skilled test (QUEST) and Assisting Hand Assessment (AHA). The score on QUEST improved from 66.35 to 72.1, AHA improved from 66 to 73, and the disregard index score improved from 42.75 to 26.3 in 2 weeks. The treatment was adjusted to accommodate the behavior of the child.

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