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 Table of Contents  
CONTINUING PROFESSIONAL EDUCATION
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 12  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-45

An Indian physiotherapist's suggestions to keep out of fake journals


Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Physiotherapy, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana, Haryana, India

Date of Submission02-Nov-2017
Date of Acceptance02-Jan-2018
Date of Web Publication19-Jun-2018

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Asir John Samuel
Department of Pediatric and Neonatal Physiotherapy, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation, Maharishi Markandeshwar University, Mullana - 133 207
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/PJIAP.PJIAP_32_17

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  Abstract 

Physiotherapy researchers are recognized and valued based on their research publications. Research publications in recognized journals earn them research funding by recognized funding agencies. They are entitled for international travel grant; short-term research funding and many more are based on research publication. Unfortunately, most of the Indian physiotherapists, physiotherapist students and scholars are unaware of the genuine publishing platform. This Continuing Professional Education article gives an overview about the genuine publishing in the digital age in India.

Keywords: Internet, journal impact factor, librarians, peer review


How to cite this article:
Samuel AJ. An Indian physiotherapist's suggestions to keep out of fake journals. Physiother - J Indian Assoc Physiother 2018;12:43-5

How to cite this URL:
Samuel AJ. An Indian physiotherapist's suggestions to keep out of fake journals. Physiother - J Indian Assoc Physiother [serial online] 2018 [cited 2018 Dec 12];12:43-5. Available from: http://www.pjiap.org/text.asp?2018/12/1/43/229113


  Introduction Top


Physiotherapy researchers are recognized and valued based on their research publications. If there is no research publications produced by a researcher, then it is considered that the researcher has not involved in any research work. Researcher's research the work is known to the world only by their scientific publications. Research publications in recognized journals earn them research funding by recognized funding agencies. They are entitled for an international travel grant; short-term research funding and many more are based on research publication. Unfortunately, most of the Indian physiotherapists, physiotherapist students and scholars are unaware about the genuine publishing platform. Their research work is wasted and not known to research community by publishing in fake journals. This short review throws light on publication practices prevalent in India among the Indian physiotherapists.


  Publishing Business in India Top


In the age of modern communication and fast internet era, identifying research publication and journals was not a cumbersome job anymore. This makes the researcher to publish more in publish or perish era. Researchers are bound by both the pressures to publish and at the same time to produce quality researchers.[1] Eventually, they end up in publishing a large volume of poor quantity content, which opened the back door and allowed the entry of “predatory journals” produced by “predatory publishers.” The word, “Predatory” refers to the concept of preying on academicians for academic and research content for the monetary benefit of the publisher.[2] They do not provide single benefit to the scientific community. Even this concept starts inflicting the physiotherapy community. For last decade, the physiotherapy journal in India has seen the rapid rise of predatory journals. The era in begins in India begins from the inception of, Journal of Exercise Science and Physiotherapy (JESP) in 2005. Followed this, various physiotherapy journals stars mushrooming in India. Some of them are, Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and occupational therapy (IJPOT) in 2007, Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Journal (POTJ) begins its journey in 2008, Journal of Physical Therapy (JPT) in 2010, International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research (IJPR) and Indian journal of physical therapy in 2013, International Journal of Physiotherapy (IJPHY) in 2014, International Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy and International journal of physical therapy and rehabilitation in 2015 and many more predatory journals were tabulated by Manca et al.[3] The painful truth is that India ranks first among predatory publishing.[3] We should feel shame in world scientific platform.


  Pseudo-Peer Review Top


These predatory journals charge processing and publishing fees for staging the research works by an academician, student or research scholars only for gaining personal benefit by the journal publishers. They claim that they conduct genuine professional peer review by scientific experts but actually do pseudo-peer review and publish all the manuscript submitted to them without peer review. Thus, the scientific community has lost over the published content. We, India physiotherapist should not become “prey” to “predatory journals” and beware of them. They can disturb our professional career. The journal without genuine peer review can be rightly called as, “fake journals.” They fails to adhere to the standard guidelines related to the issues such as processing and publication charges, displaying the genuine editorial board members, managing conflict of interest, transparency of peer review processes, archiving the journal content, and handling corrigendum or erratum, which is strictly recommended by committees and associations such as the World Association of Medical Editors,[4] the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors,[5] the Council of Science Editors,[6] and the Committee on Publication Ethics.[7] They should also be listed by University Grants Commission (UGC) as, “fake journals” similar to “fake universities” in their website. This will prevent novice physiotherapy researcher and academician from publishing in so called, “fake journals.”


  Fake Journal Metrics Top


Most of our valued physiotherapy academician is carried away by the misleading metrics such as, Scientific Journal Impact Factor (http://sjifactor.com/), Global Impact Factor (http://globalimpactfactor.com/), Universal Impact Factor (http://uifactor.blogspot.in/, http://universaljournalimpactfactor.blogspot.in/), and many other. These are the nonsense metrics and they even do not have their own websites, use http://blogspot.in instead. Indian physiotherapist should not publish in the journals endorsed by these journal metrics. In India, Medical Council of India considers the journal for evaluating medical staffs for promotion on basis of publication in Index Copernicus Indexed Journal. They use Copernicus metric value Index Copernicus Value (ICV, http://en.indexcopernicus.com/) to evaluate the journal indexed by them. Another reputable fake metric is Citefactor (http://www.citefactor.org/). They use the fancy and novel terms such as real-time impact factor and Journal Impact Factor.


  Genuine Journal Metrics Top


However, Institute for Scientific Information ® does the genuine work of evaluating journals by librarians and information scientist. They have been evaluating for last 75 years by compiling Science Citation Index (SCI), Social SCI and Arts and Humanities Citation Index and publishing Journal Citation Reports by Clarivate Analytics, previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters, (JCR, https://clarivate.com/products/journal-citation-reports/) since 1975.[8] Recent years has seen the introduction of SCI Expanded and Emerging Sources Citation Index to cover most of the standard scientific journals under Web of Science core collections (https://webofknowledge.com/).


  Consequences of Fake Publishing Top


Publishing in fake journals has devastating consequences for students, researchers, and academic faculty or research scholars. It could ruin their career and tarnish their reputation in India. The consequences of publication in fake journals are tabulated in [Table 1].
Table 1: Consequences of publishing in fake journals

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  Benefits of Publishing in Genuine Journals Top


Uncountable benefits follow by making research publication in genuine journals. It earns stable academic and research reputation. Some of the benefits could be gained by the Indian physiotherapists are listed in [Table 2].
Table 2: Benefits of publishing in genuine journals

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  Temptations among Indian Physiotherapist in Publishing Top


Indian physiotherapists are not exempted from temptations while making research publications. At present, if a physiotherapist has made a research publication in any journals, then his/her E-mail inbox will start receiving junk of E-mails advertising about their publishing house. Some of the junk/spam e-mails are, “assured publication within 2 working days,” “rapid peer review and fast publication,” “use promo code and publish 2 article with processing charge for single article,” “publish in UGC recognized journal,” “inaugural issue, your first publication is free,” “editorial board members are exempted from article processing and publishing charge,” “due to high quality publication at international level, our journal ICV and impact factor value have been increased,” “listed in forthcoming list of MCI and UGC,” etc., Indian physiotherapist should control their mind after seeing these tempting sentences toward publishing their valuable research.


  Suggestion to Indian Physiotherapist Top


Indian physiotherapist should refrain from publishing in, “fake journals,” “predatory journals,” and so on whatever the name it was called. Physiotherapist in the academic field should not encourage their students or research scholars to get published their article in the above mentioned journals. Utmost care should be taken while selecting a journal. The criteria which are followed while selecting a college, likewise considering the reputation of college, years of existence, recognized by statutory body or not, should be adopted while selecting journals for publishing their research works.


  Conclusion Top


Scientific physiotherapy publication in India is in budding stage. The bud should be protected from the predatory organisms, so it can transform to a healthy and bright flower. This short report highlights the erroneous publication practices prevalent among Indian physiotherapist with its consequences and benefits.

Acknowledgments

This Continuing Professional Education article was presented as an Invited talk on, “Scientific and Peer-reviewed Publication in digital age: A need among Indian Physiotherapists“, PHYSICON CHANDIGARH-2017, 4th Annual Physiotherapy Conference and Scientific Meet of Indian Association of Physiotherapist (IAP) Chandigarh branch, organised by Department of Physiotherapy, PGIMER-CHANDIGARH, on 11th and 12th November, 2017 at the Golden Jubilee Hall, Panjab University, Chandigarh. The concised content of this review was published as a conference proceedings in the same conference. Further, a part of this CPE article is published as, “Samuel AJ, Narkeesh K. Call for the scientific and peerreviewed publication among Indian physiotherapists: The need of the hour. Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Journal 2017;10:137-8” and another part of this article is published in 9th Volume, 3rd Issue (November-December), 2017 of the magazine, PHYSIOTIMES titled as, “Journal Publishing: Separating the wheat from the chaff” sharing common content in Abstract, introduction,[Table 1], [Table 2], conclusion and few other areas. The same content has been accepted in the journal, Archives of Medicine and Health Sciences, titled as, “Genuine peer-reviewed scientific research physiotherapy publication in digital age: A brief intro to publishing business in India.” This simultaneous publication is to reach wider audience and specially among the physiotherapists.

Financial support and sponsorship

Nil.

Conflicts of interest

The contributing author is an editorial board member of Physiotherapy and occupational therapy journal (POTJ). In addition to that the author has few publications in The Indian Journal of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy (IJPOT), Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy Journal (POTJ) and International Journal of Physiotherapy and Research (IJPR) which are suspected to be predatory journals. The author discussion were based on the evidences available regarding fake/predatory publications.

 
  References Top

1.
Haslam N, Laham SM. Quality, quantity, and impact in academic publication. Eur J Soc Psychol 2010;40:216-20.  Back to cited text no. 1
    
2.
Laine C, Winker MA. Identifying predatory or pseudo-journals. Biochem Med 2017;27:285-91.  Back to cited text no. 2
    
3.
Manca A, Martinez G, Cugusi L, Dragone D, Mercuro G, Deriu F. Predatory Open Access in Rehabilitation. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2017;98:1051–6.  Back to cited text no. 3
    
4.
World Association of Medical Editors. Available from: http://www.wame.org/. [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 02].  Back to cited text no. 4
    
5.
International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. Available from: http://www.icmje.org/. [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 02].  Back to cited text no. 5
    
6.
Council of Science Editors. Available from: https://www.councilscienceeditors.org/. [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 02].  Back to cited text no. 6
    
7.
Committee on Publication Ethics: Promoting Integrity in Research and its Publication. Available from: https://publicationethics.org/. [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 02].  Back to cited text no. 7
    
8.
Impact Factor – Clarivate. Available from: https://www.clarivate.com/essays/impact-factor/. [Last accessed on 2017 Nov 01].  Back to cited text no. 8
    
9.
University Grants Commission (Minimum Standards and Procedure for Award of M.PHIL./PH.D Degrees) Regulations, 2016 {In supersession of the UGC (Minimum Standards and Procedure for Awards of M. Phil./Ph.D. Degree) Regulation, 2009, notified in The Gazette of India [No. 28, Part III- Section 4] for the week July 11- July 17, 2009}. [Internet]. UGC2016;p.11. Available from: https://www.ugc.ac.in/pdfnews/4952604_UGC-(M.PHIL.-PH.D-DEGREES)-REGULATIONS,-2016.pdf. [Last accessed on 2017 Dec 03].  Back to cited text no. 9
    



 
 
    Tables

  [Table 1], [Table 2]



 

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  In this article
   Abstract
  Introduction
   Publishing Busin...
  Pseudo-Peer Review
  Fake Journal Metrics
   Genuine Journal ...
   Consequences of ...
   Benefits of Publ...
   Temptations amon...
   Suggestion to In...
  Conclusion
   References
   Article Tables

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